Scott also shunned the late 16th-century depiction of Robin as a dispossessed nobleman the Earl of Huntingdon. This, however, has not prevented Scott from making an important contribution to the noble-hero strand of the legend, too, because some subsequent motion picture treatments of Robin Hood's adventures give Robin traits that are characteristic of Ivanhoe as well.
They have quarrelled with their respective fathers, they are proud to be Saxons, they display a highly evolved sense of justice, they support the rightful king even though he is of Norman-French ancestry, they are adept with weapons, and they each fall in love with a "fair maid" Rowena and Marian, respectively.
Log in to Viator
This particular time-frame was popularised by Scott. He borrowed it from the writings of the 16th-century chronicler John Mair or a 17th-century ballad presumably to make the plot of his novel more gripping. Robin's familiar feat of splitting his competitor's arrow in an archery contest appears for the first time in Ivanhoe. The general political events depicted in the novel are relatively accurate; the novel tells of the period just after King Richard's imprisonment in Austria following the Crusade and of his return to England after a ransom is paid.
Yet the story is also heavily fictionalised. Scott himself acknowledged that he had taken liberties with history in his "Dedicatory Epistle" to Ivanhoe. Modern readers are cautioned [ citation needed ] to understand that Scott's aim was to create a compelling novel set in a historical period, not to provide a book of history. There has been criticism of Scott's portrayal of the bitter extent of the "enmity of Saxon and Norman, represented as persisting in the days of Richard" as "unsupported by the evidence of contemporary records that forms the basis of the story.
Freeman criticised Scott's novel, stating its depiction of a Saxon-Norman conflict in late twelfth-century England was unhistorical. Freeman cited medieval writer Walter Map , who claimed that tension between the Saxons and Normans had declined by the reign of Henry I. This book claimed that the Saxons and Normans had so merged together through intermarriage and cultural assimilation that outside the aristocracy it was impossible to tell "one from the other.
The novel generated a new name in English — Cedric. The original Saxon name had been Cerdic but Sir Walter misspelled it — an example of metathesis. In England in , it would have been unlikely for Rebecca to face the threat of being burned at the stake on charges of witchcraft. It is thought that it was shortly afterwards, from the s, that the Church began to undertake the finding and punishment of witches and death did not become the usual penalty until the 15th century. Even then, the form of execution used for witches in England was hanging, burning being reserved for those also convicted of treason.
There are various minor errors, e. Francis of Assisi only began his preaching ten years after the death of Richard I. But it is crucial to remember that Ivanhoe , unlike the Waverly books, is entirely a romance. It is meant to please, not to instruct, and is more an act of imagination than one of research. Despite this fancifulness, however, Ivanhoe does make some prescient historical points. The novel is occasionally quite critical of King Richard, who seems to love adventure more than he loves the well-being of his subjects. This criticism did not match the typical idealised, romantic view of Richard the Lion-Hearted that was popular when Scott wrote the book, and yet it accurately echoes the way King Richard is often judged by historians today.
Rebecca may be based on Rebecca Gratz ,  a Philadelphia teacher and philanthropist and the first Jewish female college student in America. Scott's attention had been drawn to Gratz's character by novelist Washington Irving , who was a close friend of the Gratz family. The two Jewish characters, the moneylender Isaac of York and his beautiful daughter Rebecca, feature as main characters; the book was written and published during a period of increasing struggle for the emancipation of the Jews in England , and there are frequent references to injustices against them.
Most of the original reviewers gave Ivanhoe an enthusiastic or broadly favourable reception. More than one reviewer found the work notably poetic. Several of them found themselves transported imaginatively to the remote period of the novel, although some problems were recognised: the combining of features from the early and late middle ages; an awkwardly created language for the dialogue; and antiquarian overload.
The author's excursion into England was generally judged a success, the forest outlaws and the creation of 'merry England' attracting particular praise.
Rebecca was almost unanimously admired, especially in her farewell scene. The plot was either criticised for its weakness, or just regarded as of less importance than the scenes and characters. The scenes at Torquilstone were judged horrible by several critics, with special focus on Ulrica. Athelstane's resurrection found no favour, the kindest response being that of Francis Jeffrey in The Edinburgh Review who suggested writing anonymously, like all the reviewers that it was 'introduced out of the very wantonness of merriment'.
An operatic adaptation of the novel by Sir Arthur Sullivan entitled Ivanhoe ran for over consecutive performances in Rossini's opera is a pasticcio an opera in which the music for a new text is chosen from pre-existent music by one or more composers. Scott attended a performance of it and recorded in his journal , "It was an opera, and, of course, the story sadly mangled and the dialogue, in part nonsense.
The railway running through Ashby-de-la-Zouch was known as the Ivanhoe line between and , in reference to the book's setting in the locality.
I Pray for Courage
London and New York: Frederick Warne. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Not to be confused with Ivinghoe. This article is about Sir Walter Scott's novel. For other uses, see Ivanhoe disambiguation. Novels portal. March Nineteenth-Century Fiction.ketkreditingnon.gq/near-death-experiences/animal-defenses.pdf
Fuhrman, "Scott Repatriated?: La Dame blanche Crosses the Channel"
Autumn Studies in English Literature Rice. The Historical Novel. Penguin Books. The New York Times. Archived from the original on 15 July Oxford, Clarendon Press, The English and the Norman Conquest. The Making of English National Identity. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Book Review. The Spectator. Archived from the original on 3 December Retrieved 18 August The Guardian.
Scott-land: The Man who Invented a Nation. New York. August Northwestern University Press. Ross had no problem with the slow, seductive first half but started laughing when the beats-per-minute increased, protesting she couldn't sing that part. Producer Hal Davis created a club atmosphere in the studio and Ross got into it, resulting in another No. Elvis Presley's version peaked at No.
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Three decades later, UB40 was asked to remake the song for the soundtrack to "Honeymoon in Vegas. The UB40 recording might have gone unreleased, but the music supervisor of another film, "Sliver," rescued the track from the Virgin vaults. After producer Walter Afanasieff delivered the new Savage Garden album to Columbia, he was given a message to take back to the band: "It's an artistic masterpiece.
But we want another 'Truly Madly Deeply. There wasn't unanimous agreement among the members of Foreigner that this song would be a great single for the group. Lou Gramm thought it might do irreparable damage to their rock image and Rick Willis thought it was "fluffy. The follow-up was an original, though U. Their version went unreleased and Turner had her first No. It was producer George Martin's idea for them to start with the chorus of "She loves you, yeah, yeah, yeah" instead of the first verse. Robin Gibb was considered the "chart freak" in the family but Andy was an avid chart watcher too, and he kept track of his second single's progress up the Hot And then…it just picked up and nothing stopped it.
David Cassidy and his stepmother Shirley Jones were the only cast members of the TV series who appeared on the group's recordings, and Jones says, "I did very little…I literally was the backing vocals for David. I never thought I'd have a gold record…it hangs on my wall and I'm very proud of it. After struggling for 15 years, the group scored a No. It was the second single, "Love Rollercoaster," that returned the group to pole position. Asked to submit another song, they sent "Waiting for a Star to Fall," and when the answer was no, they recorded it themselves as Boy Meets Girl.
Four months after he was No. A hitless Vinton was about to be dropped by Epic, when he found this song in a reject pile and asked to be given one more chance. The label agreed to a second session with a new arrangement, added strings and a vocal choir and the result was a No. It still never gets old, no matter how many times I sing it.
Lulu hated the songs the producers of the film "To Sir With Love" were considering for the soundtrack. She asked her friend Mark London to write a title song she could sing. He composed the music in five minutes and the next day Don Black wrote the lyrics. Right after she was signed to Columbia, Carey wrote her debut single with Ben Margulies. She described the composition as being not so much a love song as a celebration of her life at the time. Originally recorded as a Christmas song in Sweden in , this track was revised by Per Gessle when he was asked to update it for the "Pretty Woman" soundtrack.
On the second night of its being announced, Mr. Love, one of the management, came upon the stage and read a letter containing the most bitter denuncia-tions of vengeance upon all concerned if the piece should be performed. It was, nevertheless, proceeded with, and the gentlemen who were in the theatre having provided accommodation for their servants in the gallery, the moment the farce began " a prodigious noise was heard from that quarter. Their masters, as-sisted by some others of the audience, en-deavoured to quiet them by force ; swords and sticks were freely re-sorted to, but it was not until after a tough battle that the gentlemen of the cloth were fairly expelled ; "and servants from this time were deprived of the freedom of the theatre.
Digges as stage manager. Callender soon after resigned his charge to Mr.
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David Beatt, another citizen, who had ventured in the past time to read Prince Charles's proclamations at the Cross, Mr. Love also withdrew from the charge, and was succeeded by Mr. John Dawson of Newcastle ; but dissensions arose among the performers themselves. Legal actions and counter-actions ensued; the house was again fitted up, and nothing of interest occurred till the night of the 14th December, , when, to the dismay of all Scotland, there was rought out the tragedy of "Douglas," written by the pen of a minister of the kirk!
The original cast was thus :-Douglas, Mr. Digges; Lord Randolph, Mr. Younger; Glenalvon, Mr. Love; Norval, Mr. Hayman- Lady Randolph, Mrs. Ward; Anna, Mrs. With redoubled zeal the clergy returned to the assault, and though they could no more crush the players, they compelled John Home, the author of the obnoxious tragedy, to "re-nounce the orders that had been tarnished by a composition so, unwonted and un-clerical.
They were joined by others out of mere envy. Bellamy were traditionally re-membered in the beginning of the present century, and made them even objects of interest to those by whom their scandalous life was regarded with just reprehension. They lived in a small country house at Bonnington near Leith.
It is remembered that Mrs. Bellamy was extremely fond of singing birds, and when visiting Glasgow was wont to have them carried by a porter all the way, lest they might suffer by the jolting of a carriage, and people wondered to hear of ten guineas being expended for such a purpose. This was the case with Mrs. Her waiting-maid, Anne Waterstone, who is men-tioned in her 'Memoirs,' lived many years after in Edinburgh and continued to the last to adore the memory of her mistress.
Nay, she was, from this -cause, a zealous friend of all players, and would never allow a slighting remark upon them to pass unreproved. It was curious to find in a poor old Scotchwoman of the humbler class such a sympathy with the follies and eccentricities of the children of Thespis.
The front land, through which an arch gives access to the old Playhouse Close, is a fine specimen of the Scottish street architecture in the time of Charles I. It has a row of dormer windows, with another of storm-windows on a steep roof, that reminds one of those in Bruges and Antwerp. Over a doorway within the close is an ornamental tablet, the inscription on which has become defaced, and the old theatre itself has long since given place to private dwellings. John's Close, is open towards St.
The doorway is but three feet wide. Near this a spacious elliptical archway gives access to St. John's Street, so named with reference to St. John's Cross, a broad, airy, and handsome thoroughfare, " one of the heralds of the New Town," and associated with the names of many of the Scottish aristocracy who lingered in the old city, with judges and country gentlemen. By a date over a doorway in it, this street had been in progress in At the head of the street, with its front windows overlooking the Canongate, is the house on the first floor of which was the residence of Mrs.
Telfer of Scotstown, the sister of Trobias Smollett, who was her guest in , on his second and last visit to his native country, and where, though in feeble health, be mixed with the best society of the capital, the men and manners of which he so graphically portrays in his last novel, " Humphrey Clinker," a work in which fact and fiction are curiously blended, and in which he mentions that he owed an introduction into the literary circles to Dr.
Carlyle, the well-known incumbent of Inveresk. Telfer, though then a widow with moder-ate means, moved in good society. She has been described as a tall, sharp-visaged lady, with a hooked nose and a great partiality for whist. Her brother had then returned from that protracted Continental tour, the experiences of which are given in his " Travels through France and Italy," in two volumes. The novelist has been described as a tall and hand-some man, somewhat prone to satirical innuendo, but with a genuine vein of humour, polished manners, and great urbanity.
On the latter Dr. Carlyle particularly dwells, and refers to an oc-casion when Smollett supped in a tavern with himself, Hepburn of Keith, Home the author of " Douglas," Commissioner Cardonel, and others. The beautiful "Miss R--n," with whom, Jerry Milford is described as dancing at the hunters' ball, was the grand-daughter of Susannah Countess of Eglinton, whose daughter Lady Susan became the wife of Renton of Lamerton in the Merse.
The wlfe of the novelist, Anne Lascelles, the Narcissa of " Roderick Random," was a pretty Creole lady, of a somewhat dark complexion, whom he left at his death nearly destitute in a foreign land, and for whom a benefit was procured at the old Theatre Royal in March, A sister of Miss Renton's was married to Smollett's eldest nephew, Telfer, who inherited the family estate and assumed the name of Smollett.
She afterwards became the wife of Sharpe of Hoddam, and, " strange to say, the lady whose bright eyes had flamed upon poor Smollett's soul in the middle of the last century was living so lately as He was an indulgent landlord, a munificent benefactor to the poor, and a friend to all. John against the American general Montgomery, when major of the Cameronians.
In No. Ballantyne's brother , and others, were frequent guests here. In this house Mrs. Ballantyne died in , and Ballantyne's brother John died there on the 16th of June, The house is now a Day Home for Destitute Children. The fair girl's early death he touchingly com-memorates in a special ode. She was the ornament of the elegant society in which she moved; she was her old father's pride and the comfort of his domestic life. Gregory, whom she is said to have refused, also lived in St. He removed thither from the old Assem-bly Close, and lived in St.
John Street till his death in The first house on the west side of the street was the meeting place of the old Canongate Kilwinning lodge, where Burns was affiliated and crowned as poet laureate, in presence of Lord Napier and many other masonic worthies of the day. A house a little to the south of this, having a gable to the street and a garden on the south, was, in , the residence of the Earl of Wemyss, whose brother, Lord Elcho, was attainted after the battle of Culloden.
A Lady Betty Charteris of this ancient family occupied the farthest house to the south on the same side. She had a romantic and melancholy history ; being thwarted in an affair of the heart, she lay in bed for six-and-twenty years, till removed by death. Eastward of St. An archway, ornamented, and having a pendant keystone, gives access to the picturesque little quadrangle, three sides of which are formed by his house, which is all built of polished ashlar, with sculptured dormer windows, fine stringcourses, and other architectural details of the period.
The heavily moulded doorway, which measures only three feet by six, is surmounted by the date , and a huge monogram including the initials of himself and his wife Dame Margaret Hamilton. Over all is a cock on a trumpet and scroll, with the motto Vigilantibus. He had been a puisne judge in Ireland, and was first knighted by Charles I. A succession of narrow and obscure alleys follows till we come to the Horse Wynd, on the east side of which lay the royal stables at the time of Darnley's murder.
Carlyle of Inveresk and the author taking the leading male parts in the cast, while the ladies were represented by the Rev. Blair and Professor Fergusson. To the south of this house was the town mansion of Francas Scott Lord Napier, who inherited that barony At the demise of his grandmother, Lady Napier, in , and assumed the name of Napier, and died at a great old age in At its southern end the wynd was closed by an arched gate in the long wall, which ran from the Cowgate Port to the south side of the Abbey Close.
THE advancing exigencies of the age and the necessity for increased space and modern sanitary improvements have made strange havoc among the old alleys and mansions of the great central street of the court suburb, but there still remain some to which belong many historical and literary associations of an interesting nature. Scott never weary of lingering among them, and recalling the days that were no more.
Andrews' church i. After a long silence," says Fountainhall ' " the Archbishop of Glasgow told that it was a mansal and patrimonial church of the Bishopric of Edinburgh and though the see was vacant, yet it belonged not to the Provost to deliver the keys. A portion of this consisted Of 20, merks, left, in , by Thomas Moodie, a citizen, called by some Sir Thomas Moodie of Sauchtonhall, to re-build the church partially erected on the Castle Hill, and demolished by the English during the siege of The well-known Dr.
Hugh Blair and the late Principal Lee have been among the incumbents. It is of a cruciform plan, and has the summit of its ogee gable ornamented with the crest of the burgh-the stag's head and cross of King David's legendary adventure-and the arms of Thomas Moodie form a prominent ornament in front of it "In our young days," says a recent writer in a local paper, "the Incorporated Trades, eight in number, occupied pews in the body of the church, these having the names of the occupiers painted on them; and in mid-summer, when the Town Council visited it, as is still their wont, the tradesmen placed large bouquets of flowers on their pews, and as our sittings were near this display, we used to glance with admiration from the flowers up to the great sword standing erect in the front gallery in its splendid scabbard.
This life is full of contrasts ; so when the magistrates, in ermine and gold, took their seats behind this sword of state in the front gallery, on the right of the minister, and in the gallery, too, were to be seen congregated the humble paupers from the Canongate poorhouse, now divested of its inmates and turned into a hospital. Halberdiers, or Lochaber-axe-men, who turned out on all public occasions to grace the officials, were the civic body-guard, together with a body in plain clothes, whose office is on the ground flat under the debtors' jail. In the burying-ground adjacent to the church, and which was surrounded by trees in , lie the remains of Dugald Stewart, the great philosopher, of Adam Smith, who wrote the " Wealth of Na-tions " Dr.
Adam Fergusson, the historian of the Roman Republic; Dr. Burney, author of the " History of Music;" Dr. Gregory; David Allan Lord Cromarty; and many others who have left their " footprints on the sands of time. Born Sept. Died October 16th, No sculptured marble here, nor pompous lay, No storied urn nor animated bust; This simple stone directs pale Scotia's way To pour her sorrows o'er her poet's dust. Ford of the Holyrood Glass Works, "In memory of the soldiers who died in Edinburgh Castle, situated in the Parish of Canongate, interred here from the year to Prior to its erection the spot where so many soldiers have found their last home was only a large square patch covered by grass.
In the " Domestic Annals " we find recorded the death, ij , of Henry Prentice, by whom the field culture of the potato was first introduced into the county of Edinburgh, in He had his coffin made, with the date of his birth thereon, , and long had his gravestone conspicuously placed in the burgh churchyard, inscribed thus Henry Prentice. Be not curious to know how I lived But rather how yourself should die. At least three tenements of three Storeys each would seem to have occupied the site of the church. One of the picturesque relics of the past in Edinburgh is the old Canongate Tolbooth, with its sombre tower and spire, Scoto-French corbelled turrets, huge projecting clock, dark-mouthed arch-way, its moulded windows, and many sculptured stones.
Above the arch is the inscription ; S. At the south-east comer is the old shaft of the cross and pillory, near the entrance to the police station. Altogether it is a fine example of the polished edifices of the reign of James VI. Between the stately windows of the Council Hall is a pediment sur-mounted by a great thistle and the legend:- J. Herein the magistrates who came as successors of the abbots of Holyrood as over-lords of the burgh, held weekly courts for the punishment of offenders, the adjustment of small debts, and the affairs of the little municipality.
That the building is older than any of the dates upon it, or that it had a predecessor, the following extracts from the " Burgh Records " attest Vndecimo decembris, an: In January, , the captain of the Edinburgh Tolbooth complained to the Lords of Council that his brother official in the Canongate used to set debtors at liberty at his own free will, or by consent of the creditor by whom they were imprisoned without permission accorded.
After the erection of the Calton gaol this edifice was used for the incarceration of debtors alone ; and the number therein in October, , was only seventeen, so little had it come to be wanted for that purpose. Within a court adjoining the Tolbooth was the old Magdalene Asylum, instituted in for the reception of about sixty females; but the founda-tion-stone of a new one was laid in October, 18O5, by the Provost, Sir William Fettes, Bart. In the stone was deposited a sealed bottle, containing various papers relating to the rise, progress, and present state of the asylum.
A little below St. John Street, within a court, stood the old British Linen Hall, opened in by the Board of Manufactures for the Sale and Custody of Scottish Linens-an institution to be treated of at greater length when we come to its new home on the Earthen Mound. Among the curious booth-holders therein was "old John Guthrie, latterly of the firm of Guthrie and Tait, Nicholson Street," who figures in " Kay's Portraits," and whose bookstall in the hall-after he ceased being a travelling chapman-was the resort of all the curious book collectors of the time, till he removed to the Nether Bow.
A little below the Canongate Church there was still standing a house, occupied in by Sir James Livingstone of Glentenan, which pos-sessed stables, hay-lofts, and a spacious flower -garden. By far the most important private edifice still remaining in this region of ancient grandeur and modern squalor is that which is usually styled Moray House, being a portion of the entailed pro-perty of that noble family, in whose possession it remained exactly years, having become the property of Margaret Countess of Moray in by an arrangement with her younger sister, Anne Home, then Countess of Lauderdale, by whom the mansion was built.
There are two fine rooms within, both of them dome-roofed and covered with de-signs in bas-relief. The initials of its builder, M. She erected the house some years before the coronation of Charles I. Here, two years subsequently, occurred, on the balcony, the cruel and ungenerous episode connected with the fallen Montrose, amid the joyous banquetings and revelry on the occasion of Lord Lorne's marriage-that Lorne better known as the luckless Earl of Argyle-with Lady Mary Stuart, of the House of Moray.
In the highest terrace of the old garden an ancient thorn-tree was pointed out as having, been planted by Queen Mary-a popular delusion, born of the story that the house had belonged to her brother, the subtle Regent; but there long remained the old stone summer-house, surmounted by two greyhounds-the Moray supporters-wherein, after a flight from " the Union cellar," many of the sig-natures were affixed to the Act of Union, while the cries of the exasperated mob rang in the streets without the barred gates.
When James VII, so rashly urged those measures in which were believed to be a prelude to the re-establishment of the Catholic hierarchy, under the guise of toleration, a new Scottish ministry was formed, but chiefly consisting of members of the king's own faith. Among these was the proprietor of this old house, Alexander Earl of Moray, a recent convert from Protestantism, then Lord High Commissioner to the Parliament, and as such the representative of royalty in festive hall as well as the Senate and his mansion, being in the very centre of what was then the most aris-tocratic quarter of the city, was admirably suited for his court receptions, all the more so that about that period the spacious gardens on the south were, like those of Heriot's Hospital, a kind of public promenade or lounging place, as would appear chiefly from a play called "'the Assembly," written by the witty Dr.
Pitcairn in For a time it became the office of the British Linen Company's Bank. Then the entail was broken by a clause in one of the Acts of the North British Railway; and since it has fortunately become the property of the Free Church of Scotland, by whom it is now used as a training college or nor-mal school, managed by a rector and very efficient staff.
On the same side, but to the eastward, is Milton House, a large and handsome mansion, though heavy and sombre in style, built in what had been originally the garden of Lord Roxburghe's house, or a portion thereof, during the eighteenth century, by Andrew Fletcher of Milton, raised to the bench in in succession to the famous Lord Fountainhall, and who remained a senator of the Court of Session till his death.
He was the nephew of the noble and patriotic Fletcher of Salton, and was an able coadjutor with his friend Archibald the great Duke of Argyle, during whose administration he exercised a wise control over the usually-abused Government patronage in Scotland. He sternly discouraged all informers, and was greatly esteemed for the mild and gentle manner in which he used his authority when Lord Justice Clerk after the battle of Culloden. From the drawing-room windows on the south a spacious garden extended to the back of the Canongate, and beyond could be seen the hill of St.
Leonard and the stupendous craigs. Its walls are still decorated with designs and landscapes, leaving rich floral borders painted in distemper, and rich stucco ceilings are among the decorations, and " interspersed amid the ornamental borders there are various grotesque figures, which have the appearance," says Wilson, " of being copies from an illuminated missal of the fourteenth century. They represent a cardinal, a monk, a priest, other churchmen, painted with great humour and drollery of attitude and expression.
They so en-tirely differ from the general character of the com-position, that their insertion may be conjectured to have originated in a whim of Lord Milton's, which the artist has contrived to execute without sacri-ficing the harmony of his design. Four years after that event the Scots Magazine for gives us a curious account of a remarkable mendicant that had long haunted his gates:- "Edinburgh Sept.
A gentle-man, struck with the uncommon good appearance of an elderly man who generally sits bareheaded under a dead wall in the Canongate, opposite to, Lord Milton's house, requesting alms of those who pass, had the curiosity to inquire into his. He is an attainted baronet, named Sir John Mitchell of Pitreavie, and had formerly a very affluent estate. In the early part of his life he was a captain in the Scots Greys, but was broke for sending a challenge to the Duke of Marlborough, in consequence of some illiberal reflections thrown out by his Grace against the Scottish nation.
Queen Anne took so personal a part in his prose-cution that he was condemned to transportation for the offence and this part of his sentence was, with difficulty, remitted at the particular instance of John Duke of Argyle. Exposed, in the hun-dredth year of his age, to the inclemencies of the weather, it is hoped the humane and charitable of this city will attend to his distresses, and relieve him from a situation which appears too severe a, punishment for what, at worst, can be termed his spirited imprudence.
A subscription for his annual support is opened at Balfour's coffee-house, where those who are disposed to contribute towards it will receive every satisfaction concerning the disposal of their charity and the truth of the foregoing relation. In later years Milton House was occupied as a Catholic school, under the care of the Sisters of Charity, who, with their pupils, attracted consider-able attention in , on the occasion of the first visit of Queen Victoria to Holyrood, from whence they strewed flowers before her up the ancient street.
Where Whiteford House stands now, in Edgar's map for there are shown two blocks of buildings with a narrow passage between, and a garden feet long marked, "Ruins of the Earl of Winton's house," a stately edifice, which, no doubt, had fallen into a state of dilapidation from its extreme antiquity and abandonment after the attainder of George, fourth Earl of Winton, who was taken prisoner in the fight at Preston in , -but who, after being sentenced to death, escaped to Rome, where he died in , without issue, ac-cording to Sir Robert Douglas ; and, of course, is the same house that has been mentioned in history as the Lord Seton's lodging " in the Canongate " wherein on his arrival from England, "Henrie Lord Dernlie, eldest son of Matho, erle of Lennox," resided when, prior to his marriage, he came to Edinburgh on the 13th of February, , as stated in the " Diurnal of Occurrents.
De Menainville, who came as an extra ambassador from France, with instruc-tions to join La Motte Fenelon. One Mr. James Lawson " pointed out the French ambassaye" -as the mission of the King of Babylon, and charac-terised Menainville as the counterpart of the -blaspheming Rabshakeh. Upon the 10th February, says Moyse, "La Motte having received a satisfying answer to his commis-sion, with a great banquet at Archibald Stewart's lodgings in Edinburgh took his journey homeward, and called at Seaton by the way.
The said Mon-sieur Manzeville remained still here, and lodging -at my Lord Seaton's house in the Canongate, had daily access to the king's majesty, to whom he imparted his negotiations at all times. She "was interred at the collegiat churche of Setton, without any funerall ceremoncy, by night. Hall, its landlady, famous for her claret. Herein Gay, the poet, is said to "have boosed ,during his short stay in Edinburgh; " and to this tavern it was customary for gentlemen to adjourn after dinner parties, to indulge in claret from the butt. On the site of the Seton mansion, and surrounded by its fine old gardens, was raised the present edifice known as Whiteford House, the residence of -Sir John Whiteford, Bart.
Mackenzie, and the grateful bard never forgot the kindness he accorded to him.
To the last he retained a military bearing, having served in the army, and been a major in Latterly, and for many years, Whiteford House was best known as the residence of Sir William Macleod Bannatyne, who was raised to the bench on the death of Lord Swinton, in , and was long remembered as a most pleasing example of the old gentleman of Edinburgh "before its antique mansions and manners had fallen under the ban of modern fashion.
Robert Chambers speaks of breakfasting with him in Whiteford House so late as , "on which occasion the venerable old gentleman talked as familiarly of the levees of the sous-ministre for Lord Bute in the old villa at the Abbey Hill as I could have talked of the Canning administration, and even recalled, as a fresh picture of his memory, his father drawing on his boots to go to make interest in London on behalf of some men in trouble for the '45, particularly his own brother-in-law, the Clanranald of that day.
His mansion was latterly used as a type-foundry. On the south side of the street, nearly opposite the site of the Seton lodging, the residence of the Dukes of Queensberry still towers up, a huge, dark, gloomy, and quadrangular mass, the scene of much stately life, of low corrupt intrigue, and in one instance of a horrible tragedy. It was built by Lord Halton on land belonging to the Lauderdale family; and by a passage in Lord Fountainhall's folios would seem to have been sold by him, in June, , to William first Duke of Queensberry and Marquis of Dumfries-shire, Lord High Treasurer and President of the Council, a noted money-lender and land-acquirer, who built the castle of Drumlanrig, and at the exact hour of whose death, in , it is said, a Scottish skipper, being in Sicily, saw one day a coach and six driving to flaming Mount Etna, while a dia-bolical voice was heard to exclaim, " Way for the Duke of Drumlanrig!
His daughter, Anne Countess of Wemyss, died a miserable death on the 16th of February, She set fire accidentally to her apron, " night-rail, and stenikirk. Her nose was burnt off and her eyes burnt out.